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Architectural Case Study: Home

Project description

Farnsworth House, United States, Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe. Photograph. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. 
quest.eb.com/search/104_316321/1/104_316321/cite. Accessed 28 Feb 2018.

 

Architectural Case Study

The Architectural Case Study (ACS) is designed to prepare you with the knowledge and skills you will need to be successful for your final semester project with Chick­Fil­A. However, before we dive into the process of designing for a client, we need to study and replicate a good design.

Many times when architects are hired to design a house, they often use concepts and metaphors to drive the design. It all begins with an idea, an idea that was gleaned from a client’s need or a condition of the site in which the house is located. Evidence of these concepts and metaphors are typically visible in the shape of the house, the structure designed to support it and the materials used to build it. Other factors also give shape to the house, making it a multi­faceted design problem to solve, these factors can include environmental concerns, building and zoning codes, the footprint of the property, budget, functionality, construction material availability and climate, just to name a few.

Essential Question:

● What design concepts and metaphors can we gather for our final project by researching these residential case studies?

● How can we use residential case studies to better understand how buildings go together?

● How do designers translate a concept into a physical design element? Learning Goals:

● Describe the influence of community context and zoning requirements on architectural design.

● Understand the ways in which sociocultural conditions and issues influence architectural design.

● Analyze project design.

● Apply sketching techniques to a variety of architectural models.

● Produce proportional two­ and three­dimensional sketches and designs.

● Develop an ability to read architectural drawings and apply that understanding to building scaled models and drafting floor plans.

● Develop an understanding of how concepts and metaphors can be tools for driving the design of a house.

● Develop model building and drawing skills to accurately represent and communicate the design of a house.

Products:

● Teammates will work together to prepare and give the presentation.

● Each teammate is responsible for drawing their own two point perspective drawing.

● Teammates may divide the labor between products 2-7.

1. Presentation (team)

2. Poster ­ Made in Adobe illustrator or InDesign (team) 24” x 36” Portrait orientation

3. Floor plans ­ ⅛” =1’­0” hand drafted

4. Floor plans ­ ⅛” = 1’­0” AutoCAD drafted

5. SketchUp Model of exterior shell

6. Massing model ­ ⅛” =1’­0” made of paper

7. Architectural model ­ ⅛” = 1’­0” made of paper

8. Two point perspective drawings

Presentation:

Teams will research the following questions and present their findings in a 6­8 minute presentation. Teams will use their poster as their visual. Each question below should be accompanied with an image that best represents the answer. Make it visual!!!

1. Who is the architect, when was the house built and where is it located?

2. What is the program (the various spaces) of the house, what is the square footage?

3. What were the needs/requests of the client that the architect was responding to?

4. What was the design concept for the house? Or why does it look they way that it does? From where did the architect get his or her inspiration? What pictures or sketches can you provide that best capture the concept?

5. How does the house relate to the surrounding environment? For example, are their particular views of the surrounding landscape that the architect captures through a particular window design?

6. How does the house sit on the site? For example, does it nest into a hillside, does it cantilever over a cliff, does it perch on a pedestal?

7. What materials did the architect use to construct the house? Stone, concrete, wood, steel or a combination?

8. What is the most exciting or dynamic space in the house? What makes it exciting or dynamic?

9. What is the most static space in the house, what makes it static?

10. What is the most interesting design element in the house, explain why?

Note: #8­10 are based on students analysis and opinions of the design.

Poster:

Each team will create a poster for their case study house. The poster will visually capture the information from the presentation. We will use Adobe Illustrator or InDesign to create it. This will be projected, and turned in...not printed.

____ Sound arrangement and alignment of pictures and words

____ Proper resolution and clarity of photos

____ Accurate and complete information

____ Spelling and Grammar

____ Proper size and orientation (24” X 36”)

(1-­3) Floor plans ­ Hand drafted

Teams will trace all floor plans of their case study house (maximum of three floors) at ⅛” = 1’­0” scale. Drafts will include the following architectural elements.

____ Exterior walls with appropriate wall thickness

____ Interior walls with appropriate wall thickness

____ All doors

____ All windows

____ All stairs and ramps

____ Label all the rooms with dimensions

____ Kitchen fixtures and cabinets

____ Furniture if shown

(1) Floor plan ­ AutoCAD

Students will select 1 floor plan to draft using AutoCAD. Each team is responsible for drafting one floor plan in AutoCAD.

Drafts will include the following architectural elements.

____ Exterior walls with appropriate wall thickness

____ Interior walls with appropriate wall thickness

____ All doors

____ All windows

____ All stairs and ramps

____ Label all the rooms with dimensions

(1) SketchUp model

Teams will build one massing model in Sketchup. This model should include the following elements:

____ Overall form and shape ­ house should be built to proper dimensions

____ Exterior elevations and materials depicted accurately on exterior

(1) Massing Model

Teams will build one physical massing model. This model represents the overall form, shape and proportions of the case study house. This model should include the following elements:

____ Scale: ⅛” = 1’­0”

____ Overall form and shape

____ Exterior elevations printed on paper and glued to outside

____ This model may be taped together and made of paper.

(1) Architectural Model

Teams will build one architectural model. This represents a more detailed model of your case study house. This model articulates both the overall form and the interior spaces and circulation. The case study houses in the provided list range in levels of spatial and formal complexity. The specific requirements for the models of each house will be adjusted based on the particulars of the house.

Rough Draft

____ Scale: ⅛” = 1’­0”

____ Specific volumes

____ Exterior window and door openings Completion

____ Interior walls

____ Structure (if visible, such as columns, trusses)

____ Steps and ramps

____ Glued together using tacky or Elmer’s glue (no glue guns :) )

(2) Two point perspective drawings

Each teammate will sketch a two point perspective drawing of their case study house. Teammates may select an image to replicate. Sketches need to incorporate the following elements.

____ Horizon Line

____ Vanishing Points

____ An exterior view or interior view, view must show two side/walls.

____ Doors, windows and other distinct architectural features

____ Foreground and background

Grading:

Content and Understanding ­ - Do the models and drawings accurately represent the house, in form, scale and proportion?

Safety & Craftsmanship ­- Are the models/drawings well crafted and assembled (physically or virtually)? Does it have clean cuts and straight edges? Is it cleanly assembled, little to no visible glue.

Work Habits - ­ Was there evidence of sincere effort to complete the task to the person’s best abilities?

Due Dates

Thursday, March 8 ­- Research on house and architect ­ capture floor plans, elevations, sections and pictures with adequate resolution ­ save to a folder, answer the 10 questions in complete sentences and submit to Schoology, don’t forget to site sources

Wednesday, March 21 ­- Hand Drawn Floor Plans and AutoCad Plans due ­ turn in proof of completion to Schoology

Friday, March 23 -­ Massing Model and Sketchup model Due ­ turn in proof of completion to Schoology

Thursday, March 29 -­ Rough draft of Architectural model due, 2 Hand drawn two­point perspectives due, Rough draft of final poster due ­ turn in proof of completion to Schoology

Wednesday, April 4 -­ Final Architectural Model, Final Virtual Poster, Final Bibliography due ­ turn in proof of completion to Schoology

Final Presentations to class April 4-­6.

Web resources to begin research:

1. website of architect, try typing in their name

2. http://www.archdaily.com/

3. http://www.dezeen.com/

4. http://archrecord.construction.com/

5. http://www.designboom.com/ 

Librarian

Case Study Houses

Case Study Houses (Alphabetical by Architect)

1. Villa Lola (Arkis Architecture)

2. 4x4 House (both towers)(Tadao Ando)

3. Keenan Tower House (Marlon Blackwell)

4. Casa Rotonda (Mario Botta)

5. Casa Bianchi (Mario Botta)

6. Nora House (Atelier Bow Wow)

7. Slow House (Diller & Scofidio)

8. Case Study House #8, (Charles & Ray Eames)

9. House VI (Peter Eisenman)

10. Wall House (FAR Frohn & Rojas)

11. Big Sur House (Anne Fougeron)

12. Coal House (Terunobu Fujimori)

13. Charred Cedar House (Terunobu Fujimori)

14. Gwathmey House (Charles Gwathmey)

15. Rudin House (Herzog & DeMeuron)

16. Wall House 2 (John Hejduk)

17. Y House (Steven Holl)

18. Planar House (Steven Holl)

19. House in Tamatsu (Ido, Kenji Architectural Studio)

20. Hill House (Johnston Marklee & Assoc.)

21. Tubac House (Rick Joy)

22. Living Home (Ray Kappe)

23. Case Study House #22 (Pierre Koenig)

24. Dutch House (OMA­Rem Koolhaas)

25. Villa Dall’ Ava (OMA­Rem Koolhaas)

26. Sheats­Goldstein House (John Lautner)

27. Ozenfant Studio (Le Corbusier)

28. Villa Savoye (Le Corbusier)

29. Pittman Dowell House (Michael Maltzan)

30. Klein Bottle House (McBride Charles Ryan)

31. Smith House, 1967 (Richard Meier)

32. Melnikov House (Konstantin Melnikov)

33. Farnsworth House (Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe)

34. FLOAT House (Morphosis)

35. Ball­Eastaway House (Glenn Murcutt)

36. Villa KBWW (Double House) (MVRDV)

37. Umbrella House (Paul Rudolph)

38. Unou House (Katsutoshi Sasaki)

39. Schminke House (Hans Scharoun)

40. Seidler House, 1950 (Harry Seidler)

41. Weekend House in Gunma (SANAA: K. Sejima & R. Nishizawa)

42. Moriyama Houses (SANAA: K. Sejima & R. Nishizawa)

43. House H (Hiroyuki Shinozaki)

44. House K (Hiroyuki Shinozaki)

45. Casa en la Ladera de un Castillo (Fran Silvestre)

46. Ring House (Takei­Nabeshima Archs.)

47. N House (Takato Tamagami)

48. Loblolly House (Kieran Timberlake)

49. Reflection of Mineral House (Atelier Tekuto ­ Yasuhiro Yamashita)

50. Parabola House (Atelier Tekuto ­ Yasuhiro Yamashita)